Personal Notes by ramajd

Posts tagged "Qt":

19 Apr 2022

Qt bindings of GStreamer on Android (failed experience)

for the ones who may read this note, unfortunately I couldn't succeed to provide a working solution. however I decided to write my findings here, hat hopefully help someone else that wants to cdo the same thing in the future. the source code related to my tries is located on this repository.

There are two things that we should consider when we want to start our journay:

Build the libgstreamer_android.so

Official tutorials of Gstreamer, are based on Android NDK build system, which automatically build and deploy the libgstreamer_android.so library (absolutely without Qt support!) to the target APK based on the plugins has been chosen inside make file.

we need to replace it by custom targets in our qmake project file. to do so we defined two custom targets to build and cleanup the libgstreamer_android.so file for us:

GSTREAMER_ROOT_ANDROID = $$_PRO_FILE_PWD_/gstreamer-1.0/armv7

gst.target = $$ANDROID_PACKAGE_SOURCE_DIR/libs/armeabi-v7a/libgstreamer_android.so
gst.commands = cd $$ANDROID_PACKAGE_SOURCE_DIR; \
               ./build_gstreamer.sh TARGET_ARCH_ABI=armeabi-v7a \
               GSTREAMER_ROOT_ANDROID=$$GSTREAMER_ROOT_ANDROID \
               NDK_PROJECT_PATH=$$ANDROID_PACKAGE_SOURCE_DIR

extraclean.commands = rm -rv $$ANDROID_PACKAGE_SOURCE_DIR/libs $$ANDROID_PACKAGE_SOURCE_DIR/obj
clean.depends += extraclean

QMAKE_EXTRA_TARGETS += gst clean extraclean
PRE_TARGETDEPS += $$ANDROID_PACKAGE_SOURCE_DIR/libs/armeabi-v7a/libgstreamer_android.so

since we don't have access to the environment variables during our custom target, I wrote a custom bash script to first prepare the environment (the Android relate paths), and then run the ndk-build for me:

source ~/.bashrc
ndk-build $@

finally we have the requirements to build the libgstreamer_android.so based on the make file we added to android/jni/Android.mk.

Build the Gstreamer libraries including the Qt bindings

The approach that I followed was to use the cerbero the build system which is provided by GStreamer team to create custom bundles of GStreamer.

to do so, first we need to checkout the cerbero from it's repository and checkout the version we want to build.

$ git clone https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/gstreamer/cerbero
$ cd cerbero
$ git checkout 1.20.1

then we need to bootstrap the cerbero to have all of it's requirements. we also need identify our cross compile configuration using one of the configurations provided inside config folder. I used the config/cross-android-universal.cbc config.

Note: in my experience I faced errors about missing python pacakges (distro), my host OS (Manjaro) was also undefined for the bootstrap script, so I add it manually, based on the error messages that I received.

$ ./cerbero-uninstalled -c config/cross-android-universal.cbc bootstrap

after preparing the environment, we go for building our custom GStreamer bundle. to do so we use the package command and add the qt5 variant to list of it's default recipes.

export QMAKE='/path/to/Qt/5.15.2/android/bin/qmake'
$ ./cerbero-uninstalled -c config/cross-android-universal.cbc -v qt5 package gstreamer-1.0

following the above steps, we have a gstreamer-1.0-android-universal-1.20.1.tar.xz` file which including the Qt5 bindings. they will be added as ~GSTREAMER_PLUGINS_QT5 plugin to the list of plugins.

however when I trying to create the libgstreamer_android.so using this bundle, we receive following linker errors, which I didn't have a chance to fix them yet.

...
../gstqsgtexture.cc:36: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::QSGTexture()'
../gstqsgtexture.cc:36: error: undefined reference to 'QOpenGLFunctions::QOpenGLFunctions()'
../gstqsgtexture.cc:40: error: undefined reference to 'QOpenGLFunctions::initializeOpenGLFunctions()'
../gstqsgtexture.cc:55: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::~QSGTexture()'
../gstqsgtexture.cc:64: error: undefined reference to 'QOpenGLContext::functions() const'
../gstqsgtexture.cc:67: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::~QSGTexture()'
../gstqsgtexture.cc:67: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::~QSGTexture()'
../gstqsgtexture.cc:172: error: undefined reference to 'QOpenGLContext::functions() const'
armeabi-v7a/moc_gstqsgtexture.cpp:88: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::qt_metacast(char const*)'
armeabi-v7a/moc_gstqsgtexture.cpp:93: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::qt_metacall(QMetaObject::Call, int, void**)'
/home/reza/QtProjects/GStreamerTest/gstreamer-1.0/armv7/lib/gstreamer-1.0/libgstqmlgl.a(moc_gstqsgtexture.o):moc_gstqsgtexture.cpp:GstQSGTexture::staticMetaObject: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::staticMetaObject'
/home/reza/QtProjects/GStreamerTest/gstreamer-1.0/armv7/lib/gstreamer-1.0/libgstqmlgl.a(moc_gstqsgtexture.o):moc_gstqsgtexture.cpp:vtable for GstQSGTexture: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::normalizedTextureSubRect() const'
/home/reza/QtProjects/GStreamerTest/gstreamer-1.0/armv7/lib/gstreamer-1.0/libgstqmlgl.a(moc_gstqsgtexture.o):moc_gstqsgtexture.cpp:vtable for GstQSGTexture: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::isAtlasTexture() const'
/home/reza/QtProjects/GStreamerTest/gstreamer-1.0/armv7/lib/gstreamer-1.0/libgstqmlgl.a(moc_gstqsgtexture.o):moc_gstqsgtexture.cpp:vtable for GstQSGTexture: error: undefined reference to 'QSGTexture::removedFromAtlas() const'
/home/reza/QtProjects/GStreamerTest/gstreamer-1.0/armv7/lib/gstreamer-1.0/libgstqmlgl.a(moc_gstqsgtexture.o):moc_gstqsgtexture.cpp:typeinfo for GstQSGTexture: error: undefined reference to 'typeinfo for QSGTexture'
clang++: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)

References

these are the usefull references that I found during my journay of working on this issue:

Tags: android gstreamer Qt
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